Site status: 
** Maps are uploading normally. Please report any problems to andy(at)tvcomm.co.uk **
Current live conditions (radio conditions courtesy of The DX Robot):
144MHz Es EU 
70 MHz Es EU 
50 MHz Es EU 
144MHz Es NA 
Solar X-Rays 
Geomag Field 

Welcome to the G7IZU Radio Reflection Detection pages.

Please also follow my Twitter account @g7izu.

In recent years the FT-8 digital mode has become prevalent as the goto transmision mode for radio amateurs. It can allow for 2-way computer to computer (via radio) contacts to be completed at signal levels of about 20dB below the noise, compared to 5dB below noise for CW and 6dB above noise for SSB. A newer mode for contests FT-4 has also just been developed. Similar to FT-8, FT-4 can send a message in just 6 seconds compared to 13 seconds for FT-8 (see a video explanation of the differences here). 

Live MUF was developed by Dave Edwards (G7RAU), with the intention of indicating sporadic-E openings in the days when CW and SSB were the primary modes. FT-8 and FT-4 are muddying the waters by displaying effectively very weak signal contacts in huge quantities long before the bands have fully opened for CW and SSB. This gives misleading values for automated MUF calculations as displayed on some maps and on other websites. I've therefore taken the decision not to display ANY digital mode contacts on my maps for the time being. Filtering is done on my DX Cluster source feeds by blocking the frequencies assigned to the digital modes from 160m up to and including 2m. Note that I've not filtered the digital-only bands 12m and 17m. Additional filters are set to block contacts that mention FT-4 or FT-8 in the info-text of a contact report in case they slip through on unblocked frequencies.

I may, in future, make DIGI-mode maps available to view separately. Any comments please via my Twitter account @g7izu.
Data displayed on this site is supplied in good faith. Please note that if used, it is strictly "at your own risk". I do not guarantee that any data displayed here, which is sourced either from myself or third parties, is either accurate, free from errors or up to date. The data is supplied for informational purposes and should not be used for critical or "safety of life" purposes.

Quick links (the main menu is at the top right of every page, or click the links or map thumbnails below)
Aurora mapLive solar data | SWPC Aurora forecast | The Sun Now | Global HF Radio Propagation Map | *NEW* European Tropo Propagation




Sporadic-E, or simply “Es”, is mostly a summertime phenomenon, peaking between May and September in the northern hemisphere, and October and March in the southern hemisphere.

The causes of Es are not well understood and there and many theories, although it’s known that high levels of ionisation in the E-layer (80-120km altitude) cause radio waves to refract over long distances. A single hop can be somewhere between 400 and 1800km. Multiple hops are possible and in combination with F2 propagation, global communication on the 50 MHz band is know to occur. The Es “clouds” are sporadic in nature and can happen anywhere and at any time, although they are most common in the local summer with a late morning peak and a late afternoon peak. Extreme events can last several days and span the globe, or be localised to continents. Small isolated Es clouds can add to the magic, providing surprise contacts between specific locations.

On the left are 3 x 24 hour composites of reported contacts on the 28, 50, 70 and 144 MHz bands on 3rd June 2018 when a very strong event encompassed most of the northern hemisphere.





Solar Flux vs Cosmic Rays

We’re keeping an eye on the rate of cosmic ray detection as we approach solar minimum. As the solar flux falls, the strength of the protective bubble of solar wind in our solar system declines. This allows for more cosmic rays to impact Earth. With a weaker solar wind, the strength of our magnetic field also decreases, which exposes us more to the effects of solar flares. As the cosmic rays (atomic protons and neutrons travelling at relativistic speeds) interact with our atmosphere, they cause a cascading “shower” of particles to fall to earth, and it’s these events that are detected. In extreme cases, these events can reach the ground and are detected as “Ground Level Events”.  They can cause increased rates of various cancers in humans. People travelling in high altitude aircraft, especially on polar routes, and pregnant women in particular, are at an even higher risk. When the solar wind declines, our Earth also becomes more exposed to solar CMEs and Gamma Ray Bursts from cosmic events.

Detectors around the world have been monitoring cosmic rays for many decades, and the cosmic ray rate (as of May 2018) is the second highest rate ever recorded. If the current solar minimum deepens further, it’s likely that the previously recorded high (in 2010) will be exceeded.

This site has live links to neutron monitors in Finland. Below is a composite comparison chart showing the solar flux versus neutron monitor rates from 2000 until May 2018.

Solar Flux (black and left-hand scale) vs Neutron Count Rate (red with right-hand scale which is a percentage of the running average since 2000)

About this site

My blog posts can be found integrated on the left hand side of the page, and content links can be accessed from the drop-down lists above. Blog posts are auto-forwarded to my Twitter feed which is also available on the left side. The site is mobile-friendly and running on WordPress as pure CSS, so it should run quite fast.

The site is run by myself, Andy Smith (amateur call-sign G7IZU), from my home in west Devon, England. The original web site was created in 2005 in order for me to remotely view signals reflected from meteor trails and to see auroral radio signals by using radio receivers using software displaying “waterfall” FFT plots. The primary transmitters used as the signal sources were the powerful VHF Band 1 analogue television transmitters based around Europe and further afield. Only the carrier-wave of the video signal was used as it was a powerful, stable signal. Following an extended switch-over to digital TV signals only on UHF channels, the last of those AM VHF transmitters closed down in 2012, and since then I’ve been unable to utilize any other transmitter to the same extent. I briefly experimented with the signal from the Graves satellite radar site in eastern France (see image above), but this proved unreliable as nearby hills are blocking too much of the reflection volume.

Summary of meteor count data displayed in “Colorgramme” format

Between 2005 and 2011 I contributed automated meteor count  data to RMOB (Radio Meteor Observing Bulletin) and spawned interest amongst a growing community of radio meteor observers around the world using Spectrum Lab as a tool for meteor observing. I also helped in the development of the Spectrum Lab software package by Wolf Büscher (DL4YHF) by requesting features useful to the radio meteor observing community. Above is a summary of my observations over that period. You can find some more pages from my old site in the archived pages section of this site.

Geminids Dec 2003
Geminids Dec 2003



The main purpose for this site is now for providing live radio propagation maps. The maps are  created automatically by Dave Edwards’ LiveMUF application which receives global amateur radio contact data via the radio and internet-based DX Cluster network.  Contact plots are created in realtime with a short delay of a couple of minutes before they appear on the maps. The maps display data from the preceeding 30 minutes, with contacts older than 30 minutes being automatically removed.

Links to the maps are provided below. They also appear at the top of the page on the drop-down menu for Propagation Maps. The maps refresh automatically every minute, so there’s no need to refresh the pages. If you find the map is too large for your screen, try scrolling down a few lines, or try pressing and holding the keyboard CTL key and press the minus key to change the screen magnification. Use the CTL and the plus key to enlarge it again.











Follow me on Twitter @g7izu
Email: g7izu(at)television.f9.co.uk (manually type the address replacing (at) with @).


The G7IZU Radio Reflection Detection page. A website featuring articles about space weather, aurora, and things related to the ionosphere